Allosaurus diet - Almased diet plan
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Updated: May 12,2023





Allosaurus Information. Allosaurus was a large, meat-eating dinosaur . It was the biggest meat-eater in North America during the late Jurassic period. Anatomy. Photo courtesy of Jim Puckett, using an Olympus 3040 digital camera - taken in the Dinosaur Hall of “Prehistoric Journey” at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Allosaurus was a powerful predator that walked on two powerful legs, had a strong, S-shaped neck, and had vertebrae that were different from those of other dinosaurs (hence its name, the “different lizard”). It had a massive tail, a bulky body, and heavy bones. Its arms were short and had three-fingered hands with sharp claws that were up to 6 inches (15 cm) long. Allosaurus was up to 38 feet long (12 m) and 16.5 feet tall (5 m). It weighed about 1400 kg. It had a 3 feet long (90 cm) skull with two short brow-horns and bony knobs and ridges above its eyes and on the top of the head. It had large, powerful jaws with long, sharp, serrated teeth 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) long. Gastralia (hanging belly ribs) are thin, fragile ribs that helped support and protect the internal organs (like the lungs) in the middle area of the body. These ribs were not attached to the backbone; they were attached to the skin in the belly area. The different species of Allosaurus varied in weight. Allosaurus fragilis, A. atrox, and A. ferox weighed about 1.1 to 1.9 tons (1 tonne to 1.7 tonnes); A. amplexus was much heavier and weighed about 2.7 to 5.5 tons (3 tonnes to 5 tonnes). An Apatosaurus vertebra was found with Allosaurus tooth marks etched into it, evidence of an ancient Allosaurus attack. Diet and teeth. Allosaurus was a huge carnivore, a meat eater equipped with sharp, pointed teeth in large, powerful jaws - it was the biggest meat-eater in its habitat. This theropod also had long, sharp clawed hands. Allosaurus probably ate large, plant-eating dinosaurs, like Stegosaurus. Allosaurus was a large, fierce predator that could kill medium-sized sauropods (or sick or injured large sauropods like Apatosaurus) and many others of its contemporaries. An Apatosaurus (a large sauropod) vertebra was found with Allosaurus tooth marks on it. Allosaurus may also have been a scavenger. Allosaurus may have faced competition from the meat-eating Ceratosaurus. Behavior. Allosaurus may have hunted in groups. In groups, Allosaurus could ambush even the very large sauropods (like Diplodocus and Camarasaurus). It probably also preyed upon stegosaurs and iguanodonts. Allosaurus was the most abundant predator in late Jurassic North America. Intelligence. Allosaurus was a carnosaur, whose intelligence (as measured by its relative brain to body weight, or EQ) was high among the dinosaurs. Locomotion. Allosaurus walked on two muscular legs. Allosaurus’ leg length was about 1.38 m; its stride length (distance between footprints) was about 2.72 m. Allosaurus’ femur (thigh bone) was about 30 inches (77 cm) long. There has been some discussion on whether or not the massive, short-armed theropods (like T. rex, Giganotosaurus, Albertosaurus, and Allosaurus) could run very fast because if they fell, their short arms would not break their fall and they would be badly injured (James Farlow, 1995). This meant that these large theropods were slow, lumbering animals. Dr. Bruce Rothschild, of the Arthritis Center of Northeast Ohio, has found evidence of 14 fractured ribs in an Allosaurus that reflect healed injuries that were probably received in falls. These were most likely bellyflops that happened while running (as reported in the April 16, 1998, New Scientist). An X-ray analysis of the Allosaurus fossil indicated that the Allosaurus ribs near the scapula (the shoulder bone) were cracked and had healed. The Allosaurus was capable of recovering after many severe forward tumbles that probably occurred while it was running. So the suggestion that perhaps the large short-armed theropods were not capable of running because they couldn’t recover after a fall apparently wasn’t so, at least for Allosaurus - this Allosaurus did recover many times after bad tumbles. In 1995 James Farlow of Indiana’s Purdue University argued that a large T. rex could run no faster than 20 mph (32 kph), because if it did, a fall would probably be so severe as to kill it. T. rex weighed about 6 tons and was up to 20 feet (6 m) tall but Allosaurus was slightly smaller, about 3 tons and 16.5 feet (5 m) long. Farlow says that Rothschild’s analysis is consistent with his theory since Allosaurus was smaller and lighter than T. rex (its smaller mass would make the impact much less powerful so the animal may have been able to recover after a running fall). When Allosaurus lived. Allosaurus was the biggest meat-eater during the late Jurassic period, about 154 to 144 million years ago. Discovery and naming of fossils. Allosaurus was named in 1877 by paleontologist Othniel C. Marsh. The first virtually complete Allosaurus skeleton was discovered by rancher M. P. Felch in 1883, in Colorado, USA. Over 60 Allosaurus fossils have been found, mostly in the Morrisson Formation in Colorado, USA, but also in other locations in western North America and one possible find in Australia. Allosaurus fossils may have also been found in Africa and Portugal, Europe. Apatodon may in fact be Allosaurus. Classification. Allosaurus belonged to the: Kingdom Animalia (animals) Phylum Chordata (having a hollow nerve chord ending in a brain) Class Archosauria (diapsids with socket-set teeth, etc.) Order Saurischia - lizard-hipped dinosaurs Suborder Theropoda - bipedal carnivores Tetanurae -advanced theropods Neotetanurae - late tetanurans Infraorder Carnosauria = Allosauria - large predators, many with head crests, including Carcharodontosaurus and Giganotosaurus Family Allosauridae (huge carnivores with bony head ridges that may have hunted in packs; they included Allosaurus, Saurophaganax, and Neovenator. Genus Allosaurus species A. fragilis (the type species; Marsh, 1877) species A. amplexus (Cope, 1878, originally called Epanterias) species A. atrox (Marsh, 1878, originally called Creosaurus) species A. ferox (Marsh, 1896) Links and activities. Other Dinosaur Info Sheets. Just click on an animal’s name to go to that information sheet. If the dinosaur you’re interested in isn’t here, check the Dinosaur Dictionary or the list of Dinosaur Genera. Names with an asterisk (*) were not dinosaurs.


What Exactly Is the Almased Diet Plan? Michelle Guerrere has a degree in journalism and nearly a decade of experience covering fashion, beauty, lifestyle for a variety of digital and print publications. Updated on 02/10/22. Medically reviewed by. Brooke Alpert, M.S., R.D., C.D.N. is a nationally recognized nutrition expert and best-selling author. Registered Dietitian. Fact checked by. Aaron Johnson is a fact checker and expert on qualitative research design and methodology. FACEBOOK PINTEREST EMAILSHARE. annick vanderschelden photography / Getty Images. In This Article. What Is the Almased Diet? The Pros of the Almased Diet The Cons of the Almased Diet Stage 1: Starting Phase. Stage 2: Reduction Phase Stage 3: Stability Phase Stage 4: Life Phase The Final Takeaway. We're always on the lookout for new ways to make healthy eating easier, so when we heard the Almased diet plan mentioned in conversation, we knew we had to delve deeper. Let's be honest, if we haven't tried Whole30, keto, or the 80-20 plan, we definitely all have a friend who has, and since something different works for everyone when it comes to healthy eating (including sometimes following no diet at all), we figure we always need to educate ourselves. The Almased diet plan revolves around four key stages that train your metabolism to work with you. To learn more about what each stage entails, we reached out to a few experts to get their take. Keep reading for everything you need to know about the Almased diet, including the pros and cons and exactly what you can (and can't) eat. Meet the Expert. Amy Shapiro MS, RD is a registered dietitian and the founder and director of Real Nutrition NYC. Charushila Biswas is a senior content writer and an ISSA Certified fitness nutritionist. She has written over 200 articles on fitness and nutrition. What Is the Almased Diet? This popular diet plan is based on a protein powder meant to replace or supplement meals for optimal digestive functioning. It all started in Germany in 1985 when scientist Herbert Trouille created the unique protein powder from a few key ingredients: natural soy protein, skim milk yogurt powder, and honey (by the way, it's gluten-free and doesn't contain any artificial sweeteners). Trouille's belief was that you shouldn't have to go hungry to lose weight and that by taking in this certain type of protein, you'll kick your metabolism into high gear. What Is the Almased Diet? The Almased diet aims to help people lose weight using Almased, a low-glycemic high-protein meal replacement and food supplement. The multi-protein formula is created from different sources to fit the amino acid profile that the human body needs for optimal functioning. Because of its special fermentation process, the powder causes bioactive peptides to be released into the body, which supposedly helps you lose weight. "This powder contains vital nutrients, such as enzymes and essential amino acids, mostly needed by your body to make digestion easy," says Charushila Biswas, an ISSA Certified fitness nutritionist. The four-stage diet plan incorporates Almased powder into shakes as meal replacements. The stages start out super strict, and gradually become more of a lifestyle where the shakes are accompanied by clean meals. But be warned: The diet plan is not for those who cannot follow a strict regimen. The Pros of the Almased Diet. According to Amy Shapiro, a registered dietitian and the founder of Real Nutrition NYC, one of the pros of the Almased Diet is that its instructions are clear. “There are no grey areas,” she says. “It is easy to follow, and the prep work and food shopping is minimized.” Plus, if you can actually stick to the strict plan, you’ll likely see quick results. “It also helps that they teach you how to reintroduce regular food slowly in order to see continued and maintained progress,” Shapiro explains. The Cons of the Almased Diet. One of the major cons of the Almased Diet, notes Shapiro, is that the ingredients in the shake are very processed. “Their protein comes from soy protein isolate, which is a very processed and broken down form of soy that does not provide the same health benefits of the soy plant,” she explains. Additionally, the shakes also contain 15 grams of added sugar and only one gram of fat. “Fat helps to keep us full and helps to absorb fat soluble vitamins,” says Shapiro. Overall, the diet is also very limited, which might make it harder to stick to long term. Stage 1: Starting Phase. Almased shakes per day: 3 (breakfast, lunch, and dinner: Mix the protein powder into low-fat or soy milk and add flaxseed powder.) Other food/drinks: Start the day with a glass of warm water with lime juice (add honey and ginger if you'd like) and consume at least 64 ounces of water. You can also have homemade veggie broth and 100% vegetable juice, as well as fruit like a peach or plum between shakes. Time to stay in this stage: 3 to 14 days. Key recipe: Try a zucchini and watermelon salad with fresh grapefruit, cumin powder, mango powder, and salt as a nighttime snack before dinner. What's going on: "This will allow the body to mobilize the stored fat and use as an energy source," says Biswas. According to Shapiro, you'll see rapid weight loss during this phase due to the removal of solid foods and the loss of stored water and glucose. Stage 2: Reduction Phase. Almased shakes per day: 2 (breakfast and dinner) Other food/drinks: Have one solid meal, preferably for lunch. Limit snacking and avoid having too much fruit. Time to stay in this stage: Until you reach your desired weight loss goal. Key recipe: Try a simple chicken stir-fry with vegetables for lunch. What's going on: "Now that a good amount of stored fat has been used up as energy to drive the body functions, the low-carb lunch will not be stored as fat," says Biswas. During this phase, weight loss will slow down, but you'll still continue to lose weight since you're restricting calories, explains Shapiro. Stage 3: Stability Phase. Almased shakes per day: One. Other food/drinks: Have two solid meals a day that are low in carbs and high in greens and protein. Opt for high-protein, high-fiber snacks like yogurt with berries and flaxseed, hard-boiled eggs and a few nuts, or hummus and vegetables to keep you full between meals. Time to stay in this stage: At least two weeks. Key recipe: Baked salmon with a vegetable for dinner. What's going on: "Your body will continue burning fat by being metabolically active without losing any vital nutrient," Biswas explains. According to Shapiro, "this allows you to maintain your weight loss or continue to lose more slowly as you are adding back regular meals but still watching the content." Stage 4: Life Phase. Almased shakes per day: One (part of breakfast or dinner) Other food/drinks: Three solid meals a day along with your Almased shake. Time to stay in this stage: This is your ongoing regimen. Key recipe: Veggie-stuffed mushrooms are protein-packed and tasty. What's going on: "You will continue to lose weight through this phase, but the results won't be as dramatic as in the reduction phase," says Biswas. The Final Takeaway. While the Almased Diet may help you lose weight quickly, experts say to proceed with caution. “This is not something I would recommend due to the ingredients and calorie restriction,” says Shapiro. “You will get results however you will not be doing it in the healthiest way.” Instead, she recommends choosing a plan with more flexibility. “I like to work with my clients so they can navigate daily situations and enjoy their life by eating real, healthy foods when trying to reduce weight.” Article Sources. Byrdie takes every opportunity to use high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial guidelines to learn more about how we keep our content accurate, reliable and trustworthy. Röhling M, Stensitzky A, Oliveira C, et al. Effects of a protein-rich, low-glycaemic meal replacement on changes in dietary intake and body weight following a weight-management intervention—The ACOORH trial. Nutrients . 2021;13(2):376. doi:10.3390/nu13020376. Allosaurus diet - Almased diet plan



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